Child Sexual Abuse

Proposer:

CSO Platform For Reform – Child Cluster

Affiliations:

Child Rights Coalition Malaysia (CRCM)

Policy Code:

2e Child

Problem Statement / Issue:

1. The risks of child sexual abuse, exploitation, physical abuse, child pornography in Malaysia is
execerbated due to the lack of enforcement, prosecution, poor awareness and application
of laws, policies and SOPs causing revictimisation of children. There is a lack of specialized
judges, judicial officers, DPPs, enforcement officers, Child Protectors, service providers
supporting children with safe placements, case management, psychosocial support, legal
intervention and rehabilitation.
2. With the rise in online sexual abuse and exploitation of children, Malaysia lacks trained
enforcement, child protectors, prosecutors and judicial authorities to investigate online
crimes against children. Police are reluctant to investigate child pornography without a
police report, shifting the burden away from the enforcement body.
3. Teachers, parents, caregivers, NGOs, medical authorities, communities lack awareness on
child sexual abuse including online abuse , and their roles under the mandatory reporting of
Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 (SOACA) and Child Act 2001.

Value(s) and Belief(s):

Institutionalise competent and specialised teams providing legal, psychosocial, medical,
rehabilitation, case management support to child sexual abuse survivors through systematic
trainings on mandatory reporting, Child Act 2001, SOACA, SCAN and OSCC guidelines and policies,
child protection (online crimes), gender based violence, best interest determination, child friendly
communication and referral pathways.

Proposal of Solution and Call to Action:

1. Establish inter-agency disaggregated data collection mechanism, conduct more action
oriented research with strict consent and confidentiality safeguards in place on child sexual
abuse cases incuding online crimes against children.
2. Institutionalise child safeguarding policies (PSEA) and child protection response procedures
with all schools, learning centres, community based organisations, religious schools,
residential care including those run by NGOs and government. Establish confidential
feedback and reporting mechanisms regulated by an independent and specialised team of
experts managing child sexual abuse cases.
3. Institutionalise a dedicated, confidential and non-discriminatory hotline for all child
survivors at risk of all forms of violence. Avail adequate and trained responders on
identifying and responding to child survivors.
4. Increase existing resources i.e more trained SCAN, OSCC, enforcement to bolster the
national systems and services to effectively prevent and respond to child protection issues
including online crimes against children.
5. Engage and empower children, parents, caregivers, communities through systematic
participatory assessments, capacity building, awareness raising on all forms of violence
against children.
6. Revoke the policy on No Further Action on child sexual abuse.
7. Establish specialised alternative care arrangements when required and rehabilitation
programmes for sexually abused children and those who manifest inappropriate and sexual
risk behaviour.

Translation

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