Review Syariah Criminal Offences laws in Malaysia

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Affiliations:

Policy Code:

G25 Malaysia

G25 Malaysia

1B Religious Harmony

Problem Statement:

There are many areas of conflicts and overlaps between the Federal Constitution and Federal laws on the one hand, and State syariah laws on the other hand. In particular, there is an urgent need to review the State Syariah Criminal Offences (SCO) laws of Malaysia. These State laws which turn all manner of “personal sins” into crimes against the state have led to discrimination (against Muslims), confusion and dispute in both substance and implementation. They are also in conflict with Islamic legal principles. They and constitute a violation of fundamental liberties, human rights and state intrusion into the private lives of citizens.

Value(s) and Belief(s):

The public outrage, debates over issues of jurisdiction, judicial challenge, accusations of abuses committed, gender discrimination, and deaths and injuries caused in moral policing raids have eroded the credibility of the SCO laws, the law-making process, and public confidence that Islamic law could indeed bring about justice.

Proposal of Solution:

The Government needs to assert leadership and to appoint key leaders who will, in all fairness, champion tolerance, moderation, open and coherent engagements and discourse on the administration of Islamic laws in this country; and to ensure that justice is done to all segments of society. There is also the need for a review to ensure that the SCO laws are in accord with the Federal Constitution and human rights.

Additional Information:

Translation

Isu dan Polisi Semasa:

Terdapat banyak bidang konflik dan pertindihan antara Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan undang-undang Persekutuan di satu pihak, dan undang-undang Syariah Negeri di sisi lain. Khususnya, ada keperluan mendesak untuk mengkaji undang-undang Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah Negeri (SCO) Malaysia. Undang-undang Negara ini yang mengubah segala jenis "dosa peribadi" menjadi kejahatan terhadap negara telah menyebabkan diskriminasi (terhadap umat Islam), kekeliruan dan perselisihan dalam kedua hal dan pelaksanaannya. Mereka juga bertentangan dengan prinsip perundangan Islam. Mereka dan merupakan pelanggaran kebebasan asasi, hak asasi manusia dan pencerobohan negara ke dalam kehidupan peribadi warga negara.

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Nilai-nilai dan Kepercayaan:

Kemarahan masyarakat, perdebatan mengenai isu-isu bidang kuasa, tantangan kehakiman, tuduhan penyalahgunaan yang dilakukan, diskriminasi jantina, dan kematian dan kecederaan yang disebabkan dalam serangan polis moral telah mengikis kredibiliti undang-undang SCO, proses pembuatan undang-undang, dan keyakinan masyarakat bahawa Islam undang-undang memang boleh mewujudkan keadilan.

Penyelesaian:

Kerajaan perlu menegaskan kepemimpinan dan melantik pemimpin utama yang, dengan adil, memperjuangkan toleransi, kesederhanaan, keterlibatan terbuka dan koheren dan wacana mengenai pentadbiran undang-undang Islam di negara ini; dan untuk memastikan bahawa keadilan dilakukan kepada semua segmen masyarakat. Terdapat juga perlunya kajian semula untuk memastikan bahawa undang-undang SCO sesuai dengan Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan hak asasi manusia.

Informasi Tambahan:

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