Corporal Punishment

By:

CSO Platform For Reform – Child Cluster

Affiliations:

Child Rights Coalition Malaysia (CRCM)

Policy Code:

2e Child

Problem Statement:

Corporal punishment for children is allowed in Malaysia and provided for under the Education
Regulations (Student Discipline) 2006, Child Act, Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, Prison Act
1995 and Syariah Criminal Offences which is not compatible with the safeguarding the rights and
well-beng of the child under CRC.
All forms of corporal punishment on children violates their rights on human dignity, physical
integrity, rights to health, development, education and freedom from torture and other cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The legality of corporal punishment in Malaysia
violates their right to protection under the law.

Value(s) and Belief(s):

All forms of corporal punishment on children, its laws and policies must be eradicated to protect
children’s rights enshrined in the CRC.

Proposal of Solution:

1. Malaysia must commit in changing current laws to prohibit corporal punishment on children
and enacting legislation to explicitly to prohibit all forms of corporal punishment of children,
however light, in all settings.
2. Conduct more action oriented research on corporal punishment and the impact of children
and use the outcome to realign laws, policies and guidelines on educating, protecting and
rehabilitating children.
3. Raise awareness amongst parents,caregivers, teachers, school and learning centre staff,
enforcement agencies, judicial authorities, prosecutors, detention and prison officers,
residential care, NGOs and all communities on CRC, applying the best interests principle and
positive disciplining methods.
4. Establish an independent Children’s Commission on All Forms of Violence Against Children
which includes (non-biased) specialised NGOs on child protection to create and monitor
policies and guidelines implemented by relevant and multi-sectoral ministries and
authorities, agencies, NGOs, community-based organisations, schools, learning centres and
recommend policy changes to strengthen governance, safety and well-being of children.

Additional Information:

1. https://endcorporalpunishment.org/asia-and-the-pacific/
2. Caning of students by teachers - There is also a student handbook by the Federal Territory
of Kuala Lumpur Education Department including homosexuality and ‘gender confusion’ as a
serious offence, which can be punished with caning, suspension and expulsion, among other
forms of punishment. (Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 7/2003: Kuasa Guru Merotan Murid)
(Women’s Aid Organisation (2019) p227)
3. Circular No. 7/2003: Caning of students by teachers (Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 7/2003:
Kuasa Guru Merotan Murid)

Translation

Isu dan Polisi Semasa:

Hukuman rotan bagi kanak-kanak dibenarkan di Malaysia dan diperuntukkan di bawah Peraturan-Peraturan Pendidikan (Tatatertib Pelajar) 2006, Akta Kanak-Kanak, Kanun Keseksaan, Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, Akta Penjara 1995 dan Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah yang tidak sesuai dengan menjaga hak dan kesejahteraan kanak-kanak di bawah CRC. Semua bentuk hukuman fizikal ke atas kanak-kanak melanggar hak mereka terhadap maruah manusia, integriti fizikal, hak untuk kesihatan, pembangunan, pendidikan dan kebebasan daripada penyeksaan dan lain-lain kejam, tidak berperikemanusiaan atau merendahkan rawatan atau hukuman. Kesahihan hukuman rotan di Malaysia melanggar hak mereka untuk perlindungan di bawah undang-undang.

Nilai-nilai dan Kepercayaan:

Semua bentuk hukuman rotan ke atas kanak-kanak, undang-undang dan dasarnya mesti dibanteras untuk melindungi hak kanak-kanak yang termaktub dalam CRC.

Penyelesaian:

Malaysia mesti komited dalam mengubah undang-undang semasa untuk melarang hukuman rotan ke atas kanak-kanak dan menggubal undang-undang untuk secara jelas melarang semua bentuk hukuman fizikal kanak-kanak, walau bagaimanapun cahaya, dalam semua tetapan.
Menjalankan penyelidikan yang lebih berorientasikan tindakan terhadap hukuman badan dan kesan kanak-kanak dan menggunakan hasilnya untuk merealisasikan undang- undang, dasar dan garis panduan mengenai mendidik, melindungi dan memulihkan kanak-kanak.
Kesedaran di kalangan ibu bapa, penjaga, guru, kakitangan pusat sekolah dan pembelajaran, agensi penguatkuasaan, pihak berkuasa kehakiman, pendakwa, pegawai tahanan dan penjara, penjagaan kediaman, NGO dan semua komuniti dalam CRC, menerapkan prinsip kepentingan terbaik kanak-kanak dan kaedah disiplin yang positif.
Menubuhkan Sebuah Suruhanjaya Kanak-kanak bebas mengenai Semua Bentuk Keganasan Terhadap Kanak-kanak yang termasuk (tidak berat sebelah) khusus NGO mengenai perlindungan kanak-kanak untuk mewujudkan dan memantau dasar dan garis panduan yang dilaksanakan oleh kementerian dan pihak berkuasa pelbagai sektor yang berkaitan dan pelbagai sektor, agensi, NGO, organisasi berasaskan komuniti, sekolah, pusat pembelajaran dan mencadangkan perubahan dasar untuk mengukuhkan tadbir urus, keselamatan dan kesejahteraan kanak-kanak.

Informasi Tambahan:

1. https://endcorporalpunishment.org/asia-and-the-pacific/
2. Caning of students by teachers - There is also a student handbook by the Federal Territory
of Kuala Lumpur Education Department including homosexuality and ‘gender confusion’ as a
serious offence, which can be punished with caning, suspension and expulsion, among other
forms of punishment. (Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 7/2003: Kuasa Guru Merotan Murid)
(Women’s Aid Organisation (2019) p227)
3. Circular No. 7/2003: Caning of students by teachers (Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 7/2003:
Kuasa Guru Merotan Murid)