National machinery and policies for advancement of women

By:

Rusni Tajari

Affiliations:

Women's Aid Organisation (WAO)

Policy Code:

2c Women

Problem Statement:

1) Gender-sensitivity must be reflected in the national budgetary process.

2) KPWKM in collaboration with UNDP underwent a review of the National Policy on Women and Gender Mainstreaming in Government. The report and Action Plan have not been made public.

3) Malaysia has acceded/ ratified three treaties and hence has international obligations.

Value(s) and Belief(s):

1) To institutionalised gender-mainstreaming at all levels of government

2) Malaysia needs to show sincerity to fulfill the human rights of women, children and the disabled according to international standards. The reports are an accountability mechanism.

Proposal of Solution:

1) Incorporate gender responsive budgeting at all levels of government

2) Roll out the National Policy on Women and Action plan for 2021-2030 with a clear mandate for gender mainstreaming across government

3) Ensure systematic collection/dissemination of sex-disaggregated data to implement effective, evidence-based policies

4) Undertake regular gender training across ministries

5) Set up a multi ministerial committee and build their capacity to understand their obligations under the ratified treaties, collect relevant data and prepare the pending reports to the treaty bodies concerned without delay.

6) Through the same multi sectoral committee develop plans to implement the concluding observations of the treaty bodies.

7) Incorporate these international obligations, and the setting up of a one stop centre for the gathering of relevant human rights data into Malaysia’s 5 year development plans as well as into the SDGs, assigning Ministerial responsibility according to subject matter and with budget allocation and monitoring responsibility.

8) Eliminate all dicrimination in the law especially in the laws that denies women the right to transmit citizenship to children born overseas.

9) Lift all reservations to CEDAW.

Additional Information:

Malaysia has a bad record in reporting to treaty bodies or in implementing their concluding observations. In 26 years only two reports and reviews under CEDAW, In 26 years only one report and review under CRC and in 9 years no report under CRPD. No comprehensive plan to implement the concluding observations. There is still discriminationin against women in the constitution and in the law. Further readings; WAO Press Statement, “RM 21 million allocated to domestic violence centres in Budget 2021. Here are 5 things needed to make this allocation meaningful” (link: https://wao.org.my/rm21-million-allocated-to-domestic-violence-centres-in-budget-2021-here-are-5-things-needed-to-make-this-allocation-meaningful/ ) The status of Women’s Human Rights: 24 years of CEDAW in Malaysia (link: https://wao.org.my/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/The-Status-of-Womens-Human-Rights-24-Years-of-CEDAW-in-Malaysia.pdf )

Translation

Isu dan Polisi Semasa:

1) Kepekaan gender mesti dicerminkan melalui proses belanjawan negara
2) KPWKM dengan kerjasama UNDP telah menjalankan tinjauan Dasar Nasional mengenai Wanida dan Pengarusperdaan Gender dalam Kerajaan. Laporan dan pelan tindakan belum dimaklumkan kepada umum
3) Malaysia telah meraktifikasi 3 triti atau perjanjian maka mempunyai tanggungjawab antarabangsa untuk dilaksanakan.

Nilai-nilai dan Kepercayaan:

1) Untuk menginstitusikan pengarusperdaan gender di semua peringkar kerajaan
2) Malaysia perlu menunjukkan keikhlasan untuk memenuhi hak asasi wanita, kanak-kanak dan orang kurang upaya mengikut piawaian antarabangsa. Laporan adalah salah satu bentuk mekanisme kebertanggungjawaban.
Cadangan penyelesaian:
1) Memasukkan perbelanjaan responsif gender di semua peringkat kerajaan
2) Melancarkan Dasar Nasional Wanita dan Pelan Tindakan bagi 2021-2020 dengan mandat yang jelas untuk mengarusperdanakan gender di seluruh peringkat kerajaan.
3) Memastikan pengumpulan/penyebaran data dilakukan secara sistemik yang dipisahkan mengikut gender bagi melaksanakan dasar yang efektif dan berdasarkan bukti.
4) Jalankan latihan gender secara berkala di semua peringkat kementerian

Penyelesaian:

1) Memasukkan perbelanjaan responsif gender di semua peringkat kerajaan
2) Melancarkan Dasar Nasional Wanita dan Pelan Tindakan bagi 2021-2020 dengan mandat yang jelas untuk mengarusperdanakan gender di seluruh peringkat kerajaan.
3) Memastikan pengumpulan/penyebaran data dilakukan secara sistemik yang dipisahkan mengikut gender bagi melaksanakan dasar yang efektif dan berdasarkan bukti.
4) Jalankan latihan gender secara berkala di semua peringkat kementerian 5) Menubuhkan jawatankuasa multi-kementerian dan membina kapasiti untuk memahami kewajipan mereka berdasarkan triti yang telah diraktifikasi, mengumpul data yang relevan dan menyiapkan laporan yang tergendala kepada badan perjanjian yang berkenaan.
6) Melalui jawatankuasa multisektoral yang sama, bangunankan perancangan untuk melaksanakan pemerkatian akhir terhadap badan triti/perjanjian.
7)Memasukkan kewajipan antarabangsa, dan menubuhkan pusat sehenti pengumpulan data hak asasi manusia yang relevan ke dalam rancangan 5 tahun pelan pembangunan Malaysia dan juga ke dalam SDGs, berikan tanggungjawab kepada Kementerian mengikut kepakaran dan peruntukan belanjawan dan tanggungjawab untuk membuat pemantauan.
8) Hapuskan semua diskriminasi dalam undang-undang terutamanya yang menafikan hak wanita untuk memberi kewarganegaraan kepada anak-anak yang dilahirkan di luar negara.
9) Angkat semua reservasi CEDAW

Informasi Tambahan:

Malaysia has a bad record in reporting to treaty bodies or in implementing their concluding observations. In 26 years only two reports and reviews under CEDAW, In 26 years only one report and review under CRC and in 9 years no report under CRPD. No comprehensive plan to implement the concluding observations. There is still discriminationin against women in the constitution and in the law. Further readings; WAO Press Statement, “RM 21 million allocated to domestic violence centres in Budget 2021. Here are 5 things needed to make this allocation meaningful” (link: https://wao.org.my/rm21-million-allocated-to-domestic-violence-centres-in-budget-2021-here-are-5-things-needed-to-make-this-allocation-meaningful/ ) The status of Women’s Human Rights: 24 years of CEDAW in Malaysia (link: https://wao.org.my/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/The-Status-of-Womens-Human-Rights-24-Years-of-CEDAW-in-Malaysia.pdf )